U.S. EPA Proposes Revisions to the RICE MACT
Posted: September 17th, 2010Author: All4 Staff
On February 25, 2009, U.S. EPA proposed revisions to the existing National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) that were not currently regulated by the existing, so called, RICE MACT (i.e., 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart ZZZZ) promulgated in 2004. The proposed revisions set limits for emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and formaldehyde (CH2O) for (1) RICE that are located at area sources of hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions, (2) RICE with site ratings of less than or equal to 500 brake horsepower (bhp) located at major sources of HAP emissions that were constructed or reconstructed before June 12, 2006, and (3) RICE with site ratings of greater than 500 bhp located at major sources of HAP emissions that were constructed or reconstructed before December 19, 2002. The February 25, 2009 proposed revisions contained revised NESHAPS for both compression ignition (CI) and spark ignition (SI) RICE.
In accordance with the proposed revision, on March 3, 2010, U.S. EPA promulgated final NESHAP for existing stationary CI RICE that (1) are located at area sources of HAP emissions, (2) have a site rating of less than or equal to 500 brake horsepower and are located at major sources of HAP emissions; and (3) are existing non-emergency stationary compression ignition engines greater than 500 brake horsepower that are located at major sources of HAP emissions. The revised NESHAP for CI RICE was effective on May 3, 2010 with a compliance date of May 3, 2013. Initial notifications were due August 31, 2010. ALL4 published several 4 The Record notices and 4 The Record articles pertaining to these revised NESHAP which can be found here.
SI RICE were not addressed in the March 3, 2010 revised NESHAP. However, in their February 18, 2010 air news release which preempted the March 3, 2010 final CI RICE revised NESHAP, U.S. EPA announced that they would promulgate final revised NESHAP for existing SI RICE (i.e., gasoline, natural gas, or landfill gas fired) by August 10, 2010. On August 20, 2010 (only 10 days late), U.S. EPA promulgated final NESHAP for existing stationary SI RICE that, similar to the March 3, 2010 final NESHAP, (1) are located at area sources of HAP emissions and (2) have a site rating of less than or equal to 500 brake horsepower and are located at major sources of HAP emissions. The revised NESHAP for SI RICE will be effective on October 19, 2010 with a compliance date of October 19, 2013. Initial notifications will be due 120 days after the rule become effective or February 15, 2011.
RICE affected by the August 20, 2010 SI RICE final NESHAP are primarily located at power plants and chemical and manufacturing facilities, and are used to generate electricity in periods of utility power outages, or to power pumps and/or compressors. However, information technology (IT) or business sector companies utilizing emergency generators to power servers in times of utility power outages are also affected.