4 The record articles

4 The Record is a publication from ALL4’s team that takes an in-depth look at technical and regulatory topics.


Life Cycle Assessment of Lithium Ion Batteries

Posted: September 28th, 2023

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a systematic tool used to assess the environmental impact of a product, process, or service throughout its entire life cycle. LCA looks at the entire life of a product or process, from extraction of raw […]

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California Legislature Passes the Climate Accountability Package for SB-253, the Climate Corporate Data Accountability Act, and SB-261, Greenhouse Gases: Climate-related Financial Risk

Posted: September 27th, 2023

California legislature recently passed the Climate Accountability Package, a pair of bills introduced by California senators on January 30th, 2023, to improve transparency and standardize disclosures relating to greenhouse gas emissions and climate-related risk. The Climate Accountability Package contains two […]

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Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rules: Summary of Proposed Changes

Posted: September 26th, 2023

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has been working on updates to the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule (GHGRR) contained in 40 CFR Part 98 and published the latest proposed rule revisions on August 1, 2023. These revisions supplement […]

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UN Sustainable Development Goals – A Primer

Posted: September 19th, 2023

In 2015, the United Nations (UN) proposed 17 goals based on various topics, with the aim of improving quality of life and the environment around the world. These 17 “Sustainable Development Goals” (SDGs) were created to replace the outdated Millennium […]

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Lithium-Ion Battery Fires

Posted: September 18th, 2023

Lithium-ion fires are a concerning and potentially hazardous phenomenon that can occur when the delicate balance within lithium-ion batteries is disrupted, leading to thermal runaway and combustion. These fires are characterized by their intense heat, rapid spread, and the release […]

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The End of U.S. EPA’s Reactivation Policy?

Posted: September 13th, 2023

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has ruled that the U.S. EPA’s “Reactivation Policy” violates the Clean Air Act (CAA). What is U.S. EPA’s “Reactivation Policy”? The “Reactivation Policy” (Policy) addresses whether existing major stationary sources that […]

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Cabin Air Safety Act Proposed Rule

Posted: September 12th, 2023

Air travel is a crucial part of our modern lives, allowing us to connect with loved ones, explore new destinations, and conduct business across the globe. However, there are concerns surrounding the quality of cabin air and its potential impact […]

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Michigan Court Rejects State PFAS Regulations – Update

Posted: September 11th, 2023

Updated September 2023: A short 9 months after the State of Michigan Court of Claims’ decision, the Court of Appeals reaffirmed that the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE) failed to meet the requirements of the Administrative […]

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